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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.4

Biodiversity and Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Mammals in the Mabian Dafengding National Nature Reserve Using Camera Traps
Author of the article:FU Liqiang1, BAI Wenke2,3, GUO Zhenshan2, HUANG Yaohua1, LIYAN Wuye1, YANG Biao2, HOU Jin2, DONG Xin2, ZHANG Jindong2*, ZHOU Caiquan2,3
Author's Workplace:1. Sichuan Mabian Dafengding National Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau, Leshan, Sichuan Province 614600, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637002, China;
3. Institute of Ecology, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637002, China
Key Words:Mabian Dafengding National Nature Reserve; infrared camera; spatio-temporal distribution; relative abundance; mammal diversity
Abstract:To investigate the diversity and spatio-temporal distribution of mammals in the Mabian Dafengding National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province, 79 infrared cameras were installed in Yonghong, Gaozhuoying, Baijiawan, Shaqiang protection sites from October 2016 to October 2017. A total of 25 mammal species (belonging to 5 orders and 16 families) were recorded, and Ailurus fulgens, Macaca thibetana, Elaphodus cephalophus, Arctonyx collaris, Martes flavigula, Hystrix hodgsoni, Sus scrofa, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, Capricornis milneedwardsii and Prionailurus bengalensis were the top 10 abundant species as measured by the relative abundance index rank. Additionally, Ailurus fulgens and Ailuropoda melanoleuca showed higher activity frequency in autumn and winter, acting mainly in daytime. Macaca thibetana, a typical diurnal animal, had 2 seasonal activity peaks (in autumn and summer). By contrast, H. hodgsoni and P. bengalensis, the 2 typical nocturnal animals, showed relatively higher activity frequency in spring. In terms of distribution patterns, Macaca thibetana had the largest altitudinal range, followed by Ailurus fulgens and Martes flavigula. Furthermore, the diversity and distribution of the 10 abundant mammal species were significantly divergent across multiple altitudinal gradients in different seasons, indicating the characteristics of vertical migration. Based on the spatio-temporal characteristics of mammals' distribution, we suggest that more comprehensive and meticulous researches should be further conducted to offer scientific support and reference for making protection policies of the reserve.
2020,39(4): 442-452 收稿日期:2019-11-06
分類號:Q958.5
基金項目:國家自然科學基金項目(31572293;41571517);四川馬邊大風頂國家級自然保護區2016年禁止開發區補助資金項目;四川馬邊大風頂國家級自然保護區管理政策對大熊貓棲息地恢復成效評價項目;疑似分布在四川馬邊大風頂國家級自然保護區珍稀野生動物調查采購項目;西南野生動植物資源保護教育部重點實驗室開放基金項目(XNYB12-2);西華師范大學英才基金項目(17YC358);西華師范大學博士科研啟動項目(17E073;17E074)
作者簡介:付勵強(1990-),男,碩士,工程師,主要研究方向為自然保護區建設與有效管理,E-mail:[email protected]
*通信作者:張晉東,E-mail:[email protected]
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